"En naturligpsykologi", Psykolog Nyt, maj 2008 af Anna Adhémar og Katrine Dall Jørgensen


Adhemar, A. J. (2008). Nature as clinical psychological intervention: evidence, applications and implications. Kandidat afhandling, Psykologisk Institut, Århus Universitet.


Ecotherapy: Healing with Nature in Mind - Ed. Linda Buzzel & Craig Chalquist 


Nature Guided Therapy: Brief Integrative Strategies for Health and Well- Being, Burns, G. W. (1998), PA: Brunner/Mazel.

Ecopsychology – Restoring the Earth, Healing the Mind, Roszak, T., Gomes, M. E. & Kanner, A. D. (Eds.) San Francisco, CA, Sierra Club Books.

Mindfully Green: a Personal and Spiritual Guide to Whole Earth Healing - Stephanie Kaza

Partnering with Nature: the Wild Path to Reconnecting with the Earth - Catriona MacGregor

Clayton, S. & Opotow, S. (2003). Identity and the natural environment: the psychological significance of nature. Cambridge: MIT Press.


Clinebell, H. (1996). Ecotherapy: healing ourselves, healing the earth. A guide to grounded personality theory. NY: The Haworth Press.


Cooper Marcus, C. & Barnes, M. (Eds), (1999a). Healing gardens: therapeutic benefits and design recommendations. New York: Wiley.


Hillman, J & Ventura, M. (1993). We’ve Had a Hundred Years of Psychotherapy and the World’s Getting Worse. NY: Harper Collins.




There are many relevant articles to be found in the following journals:


Environment and Behaviour

Journal of Environmental Psychology

Journal of Therapeutic Horticulture



Other literature of interest



Abram, D. (1997). The spell of the sensuous - perception and language in a more than human world. Vintage Books.


Abrammson, K. & Tenngart, C. (2003). Grön rehabilitering: behov, föruttsättningar och möjligheter för en grön rehabiliteringsmodel. Report from Swedish University of Agriculture and LRF Sydost.


Berger, R. & McLeod, J. (2006). Incorporating nature into therapy: a framework for practice, Journal of Systemic Therapies, 25 (2), 80 – 94.


Berger, R. (2006). Using contact with nature, creativity and rituals as therapeutic medium with children with learning difficulties: a case study. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, Vol 11 (2), pp 135-146.


Berry, T. (2007). Interdependence. Resurgence Magazine, 243, July-August Issue.


Bretchel, R. & Churchman, A. (2002). Handbook of Environmental Psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons.


Burls, A. (2007). People and green spaces: promoting public health and mental well-being through ecotherapy. Journal of Public Mental Health, 6 (3), 24-39.


Burls, A. (2004). Ecotherapy in practice and education: paper 00067. In: Proceedings of the open space: people space, an international conference on inclusive outdoor environment, Edinburgh, UK. (October 07)


Burls, A. & Caan, W. (2005). Human health and nature conservation: ecotherapy could be beneficial, but we need more robust evidence. British Medical Journal, Vol. 331, 1221-1222.


Burns, G. W. (2005). Naturally happy, naturally healthy: the role of the natural environment in well-being. In: Huppert, F., Baylis, N. & Keverne, B. (Eds), The Science of Well-Being, New York: Oxford University Press.


Bäckström, A., Ekström, C., Olofsson, E., Granrot, L., Nordenson, M., Johansson, S. & Friis Pedersen, S. (2005). Hälsoträdgård for Sct. Hans Hospital. Tværfaglig projekt, Sveriges Landbrugs Universitet (SLU), Alnarp.


Cohen, M. (1993). Integrated Ecology: the process of counselling with nature. TheHumanistic Psychologist, 21, 277-295.


Cohen, M. (1997). Reconnecting with Nature: finding wellness through restoring your bond with the earth. Corvallis, OR; Ecopress.


Coleman, M. (2006). Awake in the wild: mindfulness in nature as path to self-discovery. Inner Ocean Publishing: San Francisco.


Conn, S. (1998). Living in the earth: ecopsychology, health and psychotherapy. The Humanistic Psychologist, 26, 179-198.



Davis-Berman, J. & Berman, D. S. (1989). The wilderness therapy program: an empirical study of its effects with adolescents in an outpatient setting. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 19 (4), 271-281.


De Vries, S., Verhij, R. A., Groenewegen, P. P. & Spreeuwenberg, P. (2003). Natural environments – healthy environments? An exploratory analysis of the relationship between green space and health. Environment and Planning 35, 1717-1731.


Du Nann Winter, D. (1996). Ecological Psychology: Healing the Split Between Planet and Self. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


Edlev, L.T. (2004). Natur og miljø i pædagogisk arbejde. Gyldendals  Akademiske Bogklubber, Kbh.


Frederikson, L. M. & Anderson, D. H. (1999). A qualitative exploration of the wilderness experience as source of spiritual experience. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 21-39.


Frumkin, H, (2001). Beyond Toxicity: human health and the natural environment. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 20 (3), 234-240.


Gerlach- Spriggs, N., Kaufman, R. E. & Warner, S. B. (1998). Restorative gardens: the healing landscape. Yale University.


Grahn, P. (2007a). Naturens og trädgårdens betydelse för personer med utmættningdepression. Landskabsplanering, Alnarp rehabträdgården, (June, 2007)


Grahn, P., Andersson, L. W., Bengtsson, I.L.& Lindfors, L. (2006) Treatment of depression and burnout syndrome using nature, pet and horticultural therapy: an evaluation of three and a half years work. Cost E39 Research Conference proceedings, Urban Forestry for Health and Well-Being, Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning, KVL, Copenhagen.


Grahn, P. (2005). At bota människor i en trädgård. In: Schmidtbauer, P., Grahn, P. & Leiberg, M. (Eds.). Tänkvarda Trädgårdar. Sweden: Movium, SLU.


Grahn, P. & Stigsdotter, U. A. (2003). Landscape planning and stress. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 2, 1-18.


Grahn, P., Mårtensson, F., Lindblad, B., Nilsson, P. & Ekman, A. (2000). Børns udeleg: betingelser og betydning. Kbh: Forlaget Børn og Unge.


Gullone, E. (2000). The Biophilia Hypothesis and life in the 21st century: increasing mental health or increasing pathology? Journal of Happiness Studies 1, 293 – 321.


Hansen-Møller, J. & Oustrup, L. (2004). Emotional, physical/functional and symbolic aspects of an urban forest in Denmark to nearby residents. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 19 (4), 56-64.


Hansen, K. B. & Nielsen, T. S. (2005). Natur og grønne områder forebyggerstress. Skov og Landskab,  KVL, Kbh.


Harding, S (2006) Animate Earth: science, intuition and Gaia. Green Books; Totnes, UK.


Health Council of the Netherlands (2004). Nature and Health: the influence of nature on social, psychological and physical well-being. Publication no. 2004/09. The Hague: Health Council of the Netherlands and Dutch Advisory Council for Research on Spatial Planning, Environment and Nature.


Herzog T. R, Herbert, E. J., Kaplan, R & Crooks, C. L. (2000). Cultural and developmental comparisons of landscape perceptions and preferences. Environment and Behavior, 32, 323-337.


Hillman, J & Ventura, M. (1993). We’ve Had a Hundred Years of Psychotherapy and the World’s Getting Worse. NY: Harper Collins.


Irvine, K. & Warber, S. (2002). Greening healthcare: practicing as if the natural environment really mattered. Alternative Therapies, 8 (5), 76-83.


Kabat-Zin, J. (2005) Coming to our senses – healing ourselves and the world through mindfulness. Piatkus


Kahn, P. (1999). The Human Relationship with Nature: Development and Culture. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.


Kaplan, S. (2001). Meditation, restoration and the management of mental fatigue. Environment and Behavior, 33, 480-506.


Kaplan, R. (2001). The nature of the view from home: psychological benefits. Environment and Behavior, 33, 507-542.

Kaplan, R., Kaplan, S. & Ryan, R. L. (1998) With people in mind: design and management of everyday nature. Washington: Island Press.


Kaplan, R. & Kaplan, S. (1989). The experience of nature: a psychological perspective. Cambridge University Press.


Kellert, S. R & Wilson, E. O (1993), The Biophilia Hypothesis. Washington D.C: Island Press.


Keyes, C.L.M. (2002). The mental health continuum: from languishing to flourishing in life. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43, 207-222.


Korpela. K. M., Hartig, T., Kaiser, F. G. & Fuhrer, U. (2001). Restorative experience and self-regulation in favourite places. Environment and Behavior 33 (4), 572-589.


Linden, S. & Grut, J. (2002). The Healing Fields: working with psychotherapy and nature to rebuild shattered lives. London: Frances Lincoln Ltd.


Lundgren, K.  (2004). Nature-based therapy: its potential as a complementary approach to treating communication disorders, Seminars in Speech & Language Vol. 25(2).


Maller, C., Townsend, M., Pryor, A., Brown, P. & St. Leger, L. (2005). Healthy nature, healthy people: ‘Contact with nature’ as an upstream health promotion intervention for populations. Health Promotion International, 21, 45-54.


Maller, C., Townsend, M., Brown, P. & St. Leger, L. (2002). Healthy parks, health people. Deakin University and Parks Victoria, Victoria, Australia. (January 2008)


Martin, W. E & Schwartz-Kulstad, J. L. (2000). Person-environment psychology and mental health, Mahwah NJ: Erlbaum


Mind, (2007). Ecotherapy: the green agenda for mental health, Mind Week Report, May 2007, London: Mind Publications.


Nielsen, T. S. & Hansen, K. B. (2007) Do green areas affect health? Results from a Danish survey on the use of green areas and health indicators. Health and Place, 13, pp. 839-850.


Nevstrup Anderson, L. (2007). Betydningen af de aktiviteter som udføres af deltagerne i Alnarps Rehabiliteringshave og sammenhængen til omgivelserne. Master’s dissertation in Nature, Health and Garden, Faculty of Landscape Planning, Gardening and Agriculture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.


Norling, I. (2001). Naturens och trädgårdens betydelse för hälsa och livskvalitet. Göteborgs botaniska trädgård, Sektionen för vårdforskning, Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset.


Næss, A. (1973). The shallow and the deep, long-range ecology movement: a summary. Inquiry, 16, 95-100.


Pretty, J., Peacock, J., Sellens, M & Griffin, M (2005). The mental and physical health outcomes of green exercise. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 15 (5), 319-337.


Reynolds, V. (2002). Well-being comes naturally: an evaluation of the BTCV green gym at portslade, East Sussex, Report 17, Oxford Brookes University, School of Health and Social Care.


Roszak, T. (1992). The Voice of the Earth: an Exploration of Ecopsychology. New York: Touchstone.


Rust, M. J. (2004). Ecopsychology: seeking health in an ailing world. Resurgence, Feb/March 2004.


Searles, H. F. (1960). The Non Human Environment in Normal Development and in Schizophrenia. New York: International Universities Press


Schmidtbauer, P., Grahn, P. & Leiberg, M. (2005). Tänkvarda Trädgårdar. Sweden: Movium, SLU.


Sempik, J. & Aldridge, J. (2006). Chapter 12 - Care farms and care gardens. In: Hassink, J. & Van Dijk, M. (Eds.) Farming for Health. Springer.


Sempik, J. & Aldridge, J. & Becker (2003a). Social and therapeutic horticulture: evidence and messages from research. Centre for Child and Family Research, Evidence Issue, 6, Thrive and Loughborough University, Reading.


Sempik, J. & Aldridge, J. & Becker (2003b). Treating the maniacs? Horticulture therapy: from Benjamin Rush to the present day. Draft of paper presented at ‘Horticultural Geographies’ Conference, Nottingham University, UK, September 2003.


Simson, S.P. & Straus, M. C. (1998). Horticulture as Therapy: Principles and Practice, New York: Haworth Press.



Spretnak, C. (1997). The Resurgence of the Real – Body, Nature and Place in a Hypermodern World. New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company Inc.


Stigsdotter, U. & Grahn, P. (2002). What Makes a Garden a Healing Garden? Journal of Therapeutic Horticulture, 13, 60-69, American Horticultural Therapy Association.


Stigsdotter, U. A. & Grahn, P. (2003) Experiencing a garden: a healing garden for people suffering from burnout diseases. Journal of Therapeutic Horticulture, Vol. 14, 38-48.


Stigsdotters, U. A. & Grahn, P. (2004). A garden at your workplace may reduce stress. In: Dilani, A. (Ed), Design and Health III – Health Promotion through Environmental Design. Research Center for Design and Health, Stockholm, pp 147-157.


Stoknes, P. E. (1994). Økologisk Psykologi – fra et intrapsykisk selv til en økologisk selv – Masters Thesis, Oslo University.


Taylor, A. F., Kuo, F. E. & Sullivan, W. C. (2001). Coping with ADD: the suprising connection to green play settings. Environment and Behavior, Vol 33, 1, pp. 54-77


Ulrich, R. S. (1993). Biophilia, Biophobia and Natural Landscapes. In: Kellert, S. R & Wilson, E. O. (Eds). The Biophilia Hypothesis. Washington D.C: Island Press.


Ulrich, R. S. (1983) Aesthetic and affective response to natural environment. In I Altman & J. F Wohlwill (Eds), Human behavior and environment: advances in theory and research. Vol 6:  pp. 85-125, New York: Plenum.


Wells, N. M. (2000). At home with nature: effects of “greenness” on children’s cognitive functioning. Environment and Behavior, 32, 775-795.


Whitehouse, S. Varni, J. W., Seid, M. (2001). Evaluating a children’s hospital garden environment: utilisation and consumer satisfaction. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21, 301-314.


White R. & Heerwagen, J. (1998). Nature and mental health: biophilia and biophobia. In: Lundberg, A. (Ed), The Environment and Mental Health: A Guide for Clinicians, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.